Stack Losses for Natural Gas Calculating stack losses for boilers using natural gas involves six steps and is based on the following: Ultimate Analysis values for natural gas‚ lb / lb fuel
Improve Your Boiler's Combustion Efficiency Combustion Efficiency Operating your boiler with an optimum amount of excess air will minimize heat loss up the stack and improve combustion efficiency. Combustion efficiency is a measure of how effectively the heat content of a fuel is transferred into usable heat.
ASME PTC-4 - Indirect Method: Stack Loss Method This method approximates the stack losses of a boiler to estimate boiler efficiency. Parameters The parameters needed to calculate this method are given below. These data are calculated during source testing. 1. Stack temperature (T Stack) 2. Dry oxygen in flue gas (O 2,Dry,%) in percent
A common trend observed is, as boiler is operated continuously, the measured outlet temperature of flue gases increases. After operation for a few months, significant rise in flue gas temperature and hence stack losses is observed. The reason behind this is, as a boiler is operated, scales are formed on the boiler tubes.
The major energy losses associated with boilers fall into two categories: stack losses‚ and radiation and convection losses. Stack Losses. Stack losses represent the heat in the flue gas that is lost to the atmosphere upon entering the stack. Stack losses depend on fuel composition‚ firing conditions and flue gas temperature.
Example - Oil Combustion and Heat Loss in the Flue Gas. If. the temperature difference between the flue gas leaving a boiler and the ambient supply temperature is 300 o C, and; the carbon dioxide measured in the flue gas is 10% - then, from the diagram above. the flue gas loss can be estimated to approximately 16%.
A flue-gas stack is a type of chimney, a vertical pipe, channel or similar structure through which combustion product gases called flue gases are exhausted to the outside air. Flue gases are produced when coal, oil, natural gas, wood or any other fuel is combusted in an industrial furnace, a power plant's steam-generating boiler, or other large ...