A pulverized coal-fired boiler is an industrial or utility boiler that generates thermal energy by burning pulverized coal (also known as powdered coal or coal dust since it is as fine as face powder in cosmetic makeup) that is blown into the firebox.
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In short, lower Btu coal will increase the pounds of coal to be handled and when the variations are large enough we can expect a reduction in boiler capacity. Higher Btu coal seldom gives any pro- blems in boiler operation or performance. See Figure 1 for typical heating values of various coals found in the United States.
Pulverized coal fired boilers the total losses account to about 12 to 14 %. Roughly 50% of the losses can be tuned to the optimum and the other 50 % is governed by fuel properties like hydrogen in fuel, moisture in fuel and ambient air conditions. The main two losses in boiler that can be tuned by operator are carbon loss and dry gas loss.
Circulating Fluidized Bed (CFB) combustion boilers gives the flexibility for combustion of a wide range of coals and alternative fuel sources. All this without compromising efficiency and with reduced emissions. This article gives a brief description of the working of a CFB boiler. At the bottom of the boiler furnace there is a bed of inert ...
The basic working principle of boiler is very very simple and easy to understand. The boiler is essentially a closed vessel inside which water is stored. Fuel (generally coal) is bunt in a furnace and hot gasses are produced.
Coal fired boiler is widely used to generate thermal energy by burning pulverized coal that is blown into the firebox. Coal can provide lower operating costs in comparison to other fossil fuels like oil or natural gas, it is one of the cleanest fossil fuels available today due to the state of the art computerized pulverized coal handling and combustion technology.
----- Changes in the ash content and other characteristics of the coal can significantly affect boiler operation. A high-ash coal can increase the sootblowing requirement or increase heat losses as a result of impaired heat transfer. A more serious problem is an increase in the slagging potential of the ash.